State Criminal Justice Profile

Alabama

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $7 million* in state and local funds to Alabama.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $3,432,104
Justice Assistance Grant Program—19 Local Awards $1,177,203
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $2,862,483

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 Edward Byrne JAG Program for the State of Alabama $3,432,104

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Baldwin County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Baldwin County Sheriff’s Office In-Car Digital Camera Upgrade $11,903
City of Anniston 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Technological Safety Enhancement $41,894
City of Auburn 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 Equipment Replacement/Enhancement Program $27,940
City of Bessemer 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Contraband Detector and Narcotic Kits $44,142
City of Birmingham 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Birmingham Technology Improvement Program $308,730
City of Decatur 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Program $21,459
City of Dothan 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Dothan/Houston County Equipment Enhancement and In-Car Camera Project $35,479
City of Enterprise 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Officer Safety Initiative $11,771
City of Florence 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Program $11,308
City of Gadsden 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Enhancement of Evidence Collection and Computer Systems Upgrades $43,513
City of Huntsville 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Technology Implementation and Upgrades $171,410
City of Montgomery 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Drug Enforcement and Equipment Upgrade Initiative $77,075
City of Phenix City 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Automated Fingerprint Identification Project $20,467
City of Tuscaloosa 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 City of Tuscaloosa and County of Tuscaloosa JAG XI Project $66,296
Cullman County Commission 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Video Equipment for Water Search and Rescue Missions $11,705
Dallas County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 JAG/Combat Crime Extension and Redeployment Program Bull’s-Eye Extension Program $26,717
Mobile Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 Mobile Area Law Enforcement Initiative $219,784
Shelby County Sheriff's Office 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Technology Upgrade Project $15,261
Talladega Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Talladega City/Talladega County JAG Program $10,349

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Alabama Department of Corrections 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Alabama Gender Responsive Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Program $499,166
Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 State of Alabama FY 2014 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) Grant Program $199,560
Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Alabama PREA Reallocation Project $93,464
Alabama Department of Public Health 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 Alabama Prescription Drug Monitoring Program $400,000
Dallas County Commission, Inc. 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Comprehensive Recovery Support Services Program $350,000
Jefferson County Commission 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Jefferson County Second Chance Co-Occurring Reentry Program $600,000
State of Alabama, Board of Pardons and Paroles 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Birmingham Day Reporting Center Project $687,176
State of Alabama, Office of Prosecution Services 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Alabama FY 2014 John R. Justice Program $33,117

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 296

Sworn Officers: 9,492

City     County     Tribal     State*     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 86% of the 296 law enforcement agencies in Alabama have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 45% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.
Note: Police employee data were not received from the State Police/Highway Patrol/Department of Public Safety for the state.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 17 officers were feloniously killed (0 in 2013) and 19 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 295 officers were assaulted (0.59% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for Alabama:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 21,693 20,826 -4.0
Murder and Manslaughter 342 347 1.5
Forcible Rape* 1,296 3,472 N/A
Robbery 5,020 4,648 -7.4
Aggravated Assault 15,035 13,787 -8.3
Property Crime 168,878 161,993 -4.1
Burglary 47,481 42,429 -10.6
Larceny-Theft 111,523 108,993 -2.3
Motor Vehicle Theft 9,874 10,571 7.1
*This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (2,119) increased 10.48% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests increased 13.04% (26), and property-related arrests increased 39.88% (684).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court
Intermediate Appellate:    Court of Criminal Appeals
General Jurisdiction:    Circuit Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    District Court; Municipal Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 11,265
Prisoner Releases: 11,488
Total Prisoners: 32,381

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 15
Recidivism Rate*: 31.0%
Top Offenses: Possession of controlled substance; drug manufacturing, trafficking, distribution; and theft related offenses (FY 2014)

Source: Alabama Department of Corrections
*The Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) defines a recidivist as an inmate who returns to the ADOC prison system within 3 years of release from ADOC jurisdiction.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC), a RISS Center, serves Alabama. There are 223 Alabama criminal justice agencies that are members of ROCIC.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of Alabama

Highlights

In Alabama, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Joint Electronic Crimes Task Force (JECTF) at the University of Alabama, established in August 2014 through a partnership between the Department of Criminal Justice and local law enforcement agencies. The lab assists local and national law enforcement officials with processing digital evidence for use in cybercrime prosecutions.

  • CONNECT, an information sharing consortium among Alabama, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming that provides a structured way for each state’s criminal justice information sharing organization to collaborate with its peers to solve specific challenges. The consortium builds on the work of the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global). CONNECT publishes lessons learned and shares work products freely with practitioners nationwide.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on Alabama’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs Jim Byard, Jr., Director
http://adeca.alabama.gov

Alabama At-A-Glance

Total Population: 4,833,722
Population Under 18: 1,111,481
Population Over 65: 721,166

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
Alabama Bureau of Investigations Chief Gene Wiggins, Commander

Local Governments: 1,208
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 1
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Offices: George L. Beck—Middle District of Alabama, Montgomery Joyce White Vance—Northern District of Alabama, Birmingham Kenyen Ray Brown—Southern District of Alabama, Mobile Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Alabama Department of Homeland Security Secretary Spencer Collier, Director http://www.dhs.alabama.gov/

Drug Courts: 116
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center