State Criminal Justice Profile

Massachusetts

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $16 million* in state and local funds to Massachusetts.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $3,898,445
Justice Assistance Grant Program—27 Local Awards $1,947,304
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $10,733,888

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Executive Office of Public Safety 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Edward J. Byrne Memorial JAG Program in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts $3,898,445

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
City of Boston 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Program $492,334
City of Brockton 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Program $130,399
City of Cambridge 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Edward Byrne Memorial JAG Formula Program $41,106
City of Chelsea 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 JAG 2014 Chelsea $57,319
City of Chicopee 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Chicopee JAG Program $23,928
City of Everett 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Everett JAG Grant $17,901
City of Fitchburg 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Equipment Procurement, Systems Upgrade, and Community Policing Program $28,238
City of Haverhill 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Haverhill Police Technology Upgrade $34,054
City of Holyoke 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Police Readiness Enhancement Program $38,062
City of Lawrence 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 JAG FY 2014 Police Portable Two-Way Radio and Infrastructure Upgrade $65,697
City of Leominster 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Leominster Community Policing $24,199
City of Lowell 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Lowell Police Department Reorganization Enhancement Project $77,842
City of Lynn 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Lynn FY 2014 JAG Program $70,006
City of Malden 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Malden Police Hot Spot Directed Patrol Overtime Initiative $24,651
City of Marlborough 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Rape Aggression Defense Initiative Project $13,953
City of North Adams 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Program Initiative $10,518
City of Pittsfield 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Strategic Planning and In-Service Training $22,331
City of Revere 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Revere Community Resource Enhancement Program $22,843
City of Somerville 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Increasing Services for Mental Illness and Rape Prevention Activities $23,895
City of Springfield 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 Equipment and Technology Upgrade $159,149
City of Waltham 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Failure to Signal Campaign Initiative $14,194
City of Worcester 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Community Meetings and Shooting Response Team (SRT) $160,746
Framingham Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 2014 Byrne Professional Standards and Field Training Initiative $16,063
New Bedford Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Bristol County Byrne JAG Disparate Location Joint Application $233,916
Quincy Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 Norfolk County JAG Program $74,918
Salem Police Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Community Impact Project $14,043
Town of Barnstable 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Technology/Air Card Service; Hot Spot Crime Program; Web-Based Policy Program $54,999

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Advocates for Human Potential, Inc. 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) Training and Technical Assistance $300,000
Boston Police Department 10/01/2011 – 06/30/2016 FY 2014 Smart Policing Initiative $375,000
Brandeis University 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 BJA FY 2014 Harold Rogers Prescription Drug Monitoring National Training and Technical Assistance Program $1,200,000
Brandeis University 10/01/2011 – 03/31/2017 Prescription Behavior Surveillance System (PBSS) $599,942
City of Lowell 10/01/2011 – 09/30/2016 Smart Policing Lowell Police Department Reorganization Research Study $275,000
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, County of Norfolk, Office of Sheriff 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Norfolk County Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Project $250,000
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Department of Public Health 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 Massachusetts Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) $400,000
Community Resources for Justice, Inc. 10/01/2010 – 09/30/2015 Supplemental Funding for Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level $550,000
Essex County Sheriff’s Department 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Essex County Sheriff’s Department Treatment and Recovery from Addictions in Corrections (TRAC) Program $600,000
Executive Office of Public Safety 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Massachusetts FY 2014 John R. Justice Program $34,316
Executive Office of Public Safety 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 RSAT in Massachusetts $92,086
Executive Office of Public Safety 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 PREA Program in Massachusetts $146,720
Executive Office of Public Safety 08/01/2012 – 07/31/2015 Commonwealth of Massachusetts Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) Implementation $293,441
Main South Community Development Corporation 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Main South Community Development Corporation FY 2014 Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program: Planning and Implementation $992,167
Massachusetts Department of Correction 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Massachusetts Department of Correction PREA Project $377,966
Massachusetts Executive Office of the Trial Court 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Drug Court Post Adjudication Enhancement Project $200,000
Massachusetts State Police 07/01/2014 – 06/30/2015 New England State Police Information Network $3,093,556
Northwestern District Attorney 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 Northwestern District Rx Drug Abuse Task Force $203,770
Worcester County Sheriff’s Office 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Enhanced Reentry Program $749,924

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 331

Sworn Officers: 16,293

City     County     Tribal     State     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 80% of the 331 law enforcement agencies in Massachusetts have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 52% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 4 officers were feloniously killed (1 in 2013) and 11 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 64 officers were assaulted (0.13% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for Massachusetts:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 26,953 27,667 2.6
Murder and Manslaughter 121 137 13.2
Forcible Rape* 1,642 4,807 N/A
Robbery 6,552 6,706 2.4
Aggravated Assault 18,638 18,106 -2.9
Property Crime 143,089 137,285 -4.1
Burglary 34,540 30,735 -11.0
Larceny-Theft 99,317 97,428 -1.9
Motor Vehicle Theft 9,232 9,122 -1.2
*Agencies within this state submitted rape data according to both the revised UCR definition of rape and the legacy UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (135,362) decreased 1.58% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests decreased 1.93% (10,512), and property-related arrests increased 4.33% (19,719).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Judicial Court
Intermediate Appellate:    Appeals Court
General Jurisdiction:    Superior Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    District Court; Probate and Family Court; Juvenile Court; Housing Court; Boston Municipal Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 2,567
Prisoner Releases: 2,855
Total Prisoners: 10,950

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 19
Recidivism Rate*: 35.0%
Top Offenses: Person, drug, sex (FY 2014)

Source: Massachusetts Department of Correction
*A recidivist is any criminally sentenced inmate released to the street from a Massachusetts Department of Correction facility during 2011 who is re-incarcerated for a new sentence or violation of parole or probation to a Massachusetts state or county facility or to a federal facility within 3 years of his/her release.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The New England State Police Information Network (NESPIN), a RISS Center, serves Massachusetts. There are 400 Massachusetts criminal justice agencies that are members of NESPIN.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of Massachusetts

Highlights

In Massachusetts, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Transitional and supportive employment programs in the city of Chelsea through Roca, a statewide nonprofit organization. Roca’s evidence-based employment program engages high-risk and system-involved youth ages 17 to 24 in long-term skill building and behavioral change. JAG funds support the stage-based employment training, industry recognized certification, subsidized employment, and eventual job placement services.

  • Network of victims’ advocates in 20 courts throughout the state. JAG funds, blended with those from the Massachusetts Office of Victims Assistance, support court advocate training for helping victims navigate the paperwork associated with obtaining restraining orders, protective orders, and child support orders.

  • Massachusetts’ Statistical Analysis Center (SAC), as it supports the creation of a statewide youth gang records management system. SAC efforts focus on ensuring accurate data collection and appropriate back-end features.

  • Four drug, gang, and violent crime task forces throughout the state.

  • Multiple crime prevention projects in the city of Malden, including a teen dating violence prevention and awareness initiative through the YWCA and a teen violence reduction initiative through the YMCA.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on Massachusetts’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security Daniel Bennett, Secretary
http://www.mass.gov/eopss/

Massachusetts At-A-Glance

Total Population: 6,692,824
Population Under 18: 1,393,946
Population Over 65: 989,312

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
Massachusetts State Police Colonel Richard D. McKeon, Superintendent

Local Governments: 857
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 2
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Office: Carmen Milagros Ortiz—District of Massachusetts, Boston Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Executive Office of Public Safety and Security Patrick McMurray, Undersecretary of Homeland Security http://www.mass.gov/eopss

Drug Courts: 21
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center