State Criminal Justice Profile

Michigan

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $13 million* in state and local funds to Michigan.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $6,250,670
Justice Assistance Grant Program—31 Local Awards $3,041,018
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $4,235,755

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
State of Michigan 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Michigan FY 2014 Byrne JAG Program $6,250,670

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Bay County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Bay County/City Law Enforcement 2014 $18,028
Berrien County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Benton Township: Departmental Technological Enhancements City of Benton Harbor: Officer Safety and Security Enhancement $26,034
Charter Township of Chesterfield 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Program $11,449
Charter Township of Clinton 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 JAG Equipment Project $26,482
Charter Township of Flint 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 Genesee County JAG Initiative $262,970
City of Ann Arbor 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Purchase of Replacement Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Sworn Officers $21,919
City of Battle Creek 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Battle Creek Police Department and Calhoun County Sheriff Department 2014 JAG Project $53,356
City of Eastpointe 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 2014 JAG Taser and Vehicle Radar Projects $18,952
City of Grand Rapids 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Neighborhood-Based Crime Prevention; Smart Policing: Automation of Charge Process $157,800
City of Holland 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 City of Holland Department of Public Safety Police Services—FY 2014 JAG Grant—Parking Enforcement, Evidence $11,197
City of Jackson 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 MILO Range Advance Training Simulator $36,784
City of Kalamazoo 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Kalamazoo Area JAG 2014 $68,248
City of Kentwood 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Project $15,564
City of Lansing 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Annual JAG 2014—Enhancements to Ingham County System of Justice $108,195
City of Muskegon 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Muskegon Prosecution Law Enforcement Enhancement—JAG 2014 $50,612
City of Oak Park 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Tasers for Officers Project $13,717
City of Port Huron 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Operation Neighborhood Takeback— Directed Patrols in Identified Hot Spots to Proactively Target Offenders $16,684
City of Roseville 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Traffic Safety Accountability Project $17,300
City of Southfield 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Replacement of Patrol Shotguns $31,633
City of St. Clair Shores 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Program $12,177
City of Sterling Heights 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Traffic Control—Speed-Monitoring Speed Trailers $16,574
City of Wyoming 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 2014 JAG for Police Safety and Equipment $22,591
City of Ypsilanti 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Project $15,340
Macomb County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Macomb County Crime Prevention Support Project $90,111
Monroe County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Operation Safe Monroe County 2014 $17,524
Oakland County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 JAG Equipment Project $158,331
Ottawa County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Forensic Mapping System $24,578
Saginaw County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Saginaw County Sheriff’s Office and Saginaw City Police Department 2014 JAG $100,385
St. Clair County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 In-Service Emergency Vehicle Operation Training in Vehicle Dynamics $11,729
Washtenaw County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Washtenaw County Sheriff Community Outreach Initiative $37,595
Wayne County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 BJA Local JAG Grant Projects $1,567,159

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Bay Mills Indian Community 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Bay Mills Indian Community Healing to Wellness Court $562,352
City of Battle Creek 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 City of Battle Creek FY 2014 Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program: Planning $83,260
Kettering University 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Kettering University FY 2014 Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program: Planning and Implementation $1,000,000
Little Traverse Bay Bands (LTBB) of Odawa Indians 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 LTBB Substance Abuse Prevention, Intervention, and Education Program $666,036
Saginaw Community Foundation 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Eastern District of Michigan FY 2014 Project Safe Neighborhoods Initiative $500,000
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Sault Tribe Law Enforcement Renovation Project $991,394
State of Michigan 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Michigan FY 2014 John R. Justice Program $36,382
State of Michigan 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Michigan FY 2014 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) Program $256,571
State of Michigan 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Michigan State Police Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Compliance Reallocation $139,760

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 621

Sworn Officers: 16,909

City     County     Tribal     State*     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 77% of the 621 law enforcement agencies in Michigan have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 50% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.
Note: Detail may sum to less than or more than 100% due to rounding.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 17 officers were feloniously killed (1 in 2013) and 12 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 921 officers were assaulted (1.85% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for Michigan:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 44,922 44,523 -0.9
Murder and Manslaughter 689 631 -8.4
Forcible Rape* 4,589 11,199 N/A
Robbery 10,434 10,105 -3.2
Aggravated Assault 29,210 27,194 -6.9
Property Crime 250,101 230,334 -7.9
Burglary 65,665 56,344 -14.2
Larceny-Theft 159,321 149,423 -6.2
Motor Vehicle Theft 25,115 24,567 -2.2
*This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (251,825) decreased 0.30% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests increased 0.47% (11,591), and property-related arrests decreased 3.51% (32,025).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court
Intermediate Appellate:    Court of Appeals
General Jurisdiction:    Circuit Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    District Court; Municipal Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 14,417
Prisoner Releases: 14,307
Total Prisoners: 43,759

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 22

Source: Michigan Department of Corrections

Recidivism Rate*: 31.0%

Source: State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons
*Recidivism data refer to sentenced prisoners released from state correctional facilities who returned to custody for either a new criminal conviction or a technical violation of the terms of their supervision within 36 months of their release. Recidivism data do not include individuals who were released from prison in one state and who may have been incarcerated subsequently in another state.

Top Offenses: Armed robbery, homicide/murder 2nd degree, home invasion 2nd degree (FY 2014)

Source: Michigan Department of Corrections

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN), a RISS Center, serves Michigan. There are 97 Michigan criminal justice agencies that are members of MAGLOCLEN.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of Michigan

Highlights

In Michigan, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Twenty-two task forces serving the state’s 83 counties. Task forces are made up of leadership from the Michigan State Police and staffed by local law enforcement from participating cities and counties. To support these multijurisdictional efforts, Byrne JAG funds provide for 7 full-time Michigan crime lab employees who work on processing evidence and reducing case backlogs. In addition, Byrne JAG funds pay for 2 crime analysts who help ensure coordination across the state, ensure information sharing across task forces, and improve how/where enforcement resources are allocated. All of these efforts focus on ensuring that investigations are targeting violent offenders.

  • Michigan’s Secure Cities Partnership (SCP), which works to reduce crime and increase the quality of life in 4 Michigan cities (Detroit, Flint, Pontiac, and Saginaw) that are most heavily impacted by violent crime. As part of this effort, the Michigan State Police initiated directed patrols in all 4 sites using real-time crime data and analytics. Using evidence-based data-driven approaches to crime and the traffic safety program, the state police force is working with local law enforcement to enhance its ability to use data, mapping, and analytics to inform its enforcement strategies. Directed patrols have had an immense impact on each SCP site, with each city reporting drops in crime.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on Michigan’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Michigan State Police Colonel Kriste Kibbey Etue, Director
http://www.michigan.gov/msp

Michigan At-A-Glance

Total Population: 9,895,622
Population Under 18: 2,245,201
Population Over 65: 1,487,593

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
Michigan State Police Colonel Kriste Kibbey Etue, Director

Local Governments: 2,875
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 12
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Offices: Barbara L. McQuade—Eastern District of Michigan, Detroit Patrick A. Miles, Jr.—Western District of Michigan, Grand Rapids Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Michigan State Police Colonel Kriste Kibbey Etue, Homeland Security Director http://www.michigan.gov/msp

Drug Courts: 123
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center