State Criminal Justice Profile

Montana

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $3 million* in state and local funds to Montana.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $963,404
Justice Assistance Grant Program—12 Local Awards $354,948
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $2,344,940

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Montana Board of Crime Control 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 State of Montana Edward Byrne JAG Program $963,404

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Chippewa Cree Tribe 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Chippewa Cree Tribe Justice Center 2014 JAG Award $14,418
City and County of Butte-Silver Bow 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 2014 Butte-Silver Bow Law Enforcement JAG Project $19,315
City of Billings 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Emergency Equipment Enhancements $77,737
City of Bozeman 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Bozeman Police/Gallatin County Special Response Team $19,315
City of Great Falls 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Mobile Data Terminal Air Card Program $31,013
City of Havre 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Records Management Mobility and Community Safety Project $12,038
City of Helena 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Missouri River Drug Task Force $39,990
City of Kalispell 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 WatchGuard Purchase $13,398
City of Missoula 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Missoula and Missoula County Law Enforcement Equipment and Personnel $62,706
Flathead County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Equipping Frontline Officers for Adequate Crime Prevention Program $38,630
Lake County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Radar for Reserves Project $13,806
Ravalli County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Ravalli County JAG Project $12,582

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Blackfeet Tribe 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Blackfeet Tribe Adult Healing to Wellness Court Project $688,402
Fort Belknap Indian Community 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Fort Belknap Tribal Offender Reentry Program for Adults $694,560
Judiciary Courts of the State of Montana 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Veterans Treatment Court $299,629
Montana Board of Crime Control 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Montana John R. Justice Program $30,655
Montana Board of Crime Control 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Montana FY 2014 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) Program $52,914
Montana Board of Crime Control 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 2014 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Reallocation Project $31,661
Montana Board of Crime Control 08/01/2012 – 07/31/2015 FY 2014 Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) Reallocation Funds $63,322
Montana Department of Corrections 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Montana Department of Corrections PREA Program Expansion $483,797

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 98

Sworn Officers: 1,684

City     County     Tribal     State     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 91% of the 98 law enforcement agencies in Montana have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 29% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 2 officers were feloniously killed (0 in 2013) and 6 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty.*

*Assault data is not available.

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for Montana:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 2,736 2,567 -6.2
Murder and Manslaughter 27 22 -18.5
Forcible Rape* 379 697 N/A
Robbery 191 204 6.8
Aggravated Assault 2,139 1,931 -9.7
Property Crime 25,970 25,953 -0.1
Burglary 3,894 4,064 4.4
Larceny-Theft 20,387 20,039 -1.7
Motor Vehicle Theft 1,689 1,850 9.5
*This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (30,089) decreased 7.09% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests decreased 7.72% (837), and property-related arrests increased 2.44% (4,785).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court
General Jurisdiction:    District Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    Justice's Court; Municipal Court; City Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 2,382
Prisoner Releases: 2,347
Total Prisoners: 3,642

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 5 prisons
Recidivism Rate*: Male: 43.4%; Female: 37.4%
Top Offenses: Males: Felony DUI, possession of drugs, criminal endangerment; Females: Posession of drugs, theft, criminal endangerment (FY 2014)

Source: Montana Department of Corrections
*The rate at which adult offenders return to prison in Montana for any reason within 3 years of their release from prison. Each release can have only 1 corresponding return.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Rocky Mountain Information Network (RMIN), a RISS Center, serves Montana. There are 114 Montana criminal justice agencies that are members of RMIN.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of Montana

Highlights

In Montana, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Six multijurisdictional drug task forces (MJDTF) representing 41 counties and 3 tribal reservations within the state. MJDTFs have played a major role in identifying and dismantling clandestine methamphetamine labs, enforcing prescription drug laws, and removing other illegal drugs from communities in Montana. The Montana Board of Crime Control collects uniform crime data from MJDTFs to identify and target drug and gang interdiction.

  • Twelve law enforcement equipment grants. Funds helped pay for Toughbook computers and iPads with associated software, tasers, portable handheld radios, electronic driver feedback signs, radar units, a hazardous material storage system, and an evidence fuming chamber.

  • Purchase and installation of security cameras within 6 permanent driver’s license offices through the Montana Department of Justice Driver’s License Bureau.

  • Eastern Montana Drug Prosecution Coordinator position, tasked with addressing the challenges of drug investigations in 16 counties and on the Fort Peck Reservation in areas affected by the Bakken Oil Boom. The prosecutor serves as a statewide resource for promoting consistency in the conviction of drug offenses, acts as a liaison with the U.S. Attorney’s Office, and promotes drug prevention through public education.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on Montana’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Montana Board of Crime Control Deb Matteucci, Executive Director
http://mbcc.mt.gov/

Montana At-A-Glance

Total Population: 1,015,165
Population Under 18: 223,981
Population Over 65: 164,768

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
Montana Division of Criminal Investigation Bryan Lockerby, Division Administrator

Local Governments: 1,265
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 7
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Office: Michael Cotter—District of Montana, Billings Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Montana Disaster and Emergency Services Division Major General Matthew T. Quinn, Adjutant General http://montanadma.org

Drug Courts: 33
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center