State Criminal Justice Profile

New York

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $20 million* in state and local funds to New York.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $9,852,423
Justice Assistance Grant Program—21 Local Awards $5,996,312
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $4,757,733

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 New York State Application for FY 2014 Byrne JAG Program $9,852,423

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
City of Albany Department of Public Safety 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Albany Truancy Abatement Program (ATAP), VCSI, and School Dismissal Programs $78,641
City of Binghamton 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 BJA FY 2014 Edward Byrne Memorial JAG—Parks $24,528
City of Buffalo 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Buffalo 2014 JAG Project $306,302
City of Jamestown 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Project $16,323
City of New York 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Program $4,411,384
City of Niagara Falls 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Community Police Liaison and G.R.E.A.T. Program $52,293
City of Poughkeepsie 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 JAG 2014 $30,798
City of Rochester 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Rochester Police Department Victims/Witnesses Services and Monroe County Probation Night Watch $201,254
City of Syracuse 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Syracuse 2014 JAG $130,472
City of Troy 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Troy Byrne JAG $32,618
City of Utica 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Utica Police Department/Probation Supervision Team, and Community Policing Initiatives $34,929
City of Watertown 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Local JAG Equipment Upgrade Initiative $10,430
City of Yonkers 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Byrne JAG 2014 Local Solicitation $161,240
Incorporated Village of Hempstead 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Hempstead Safety, Training, and Technology Upgrades $39,147
Nassau County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Nassau County Firearm Enforcement Initiative $133,158
Orange County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Orange County JAG 2014—Criminal Justice $61,653
Schenectady County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Schenectady County and City 2014 JAG Application $55,991
Suffolk County Criminal Justice Coordinating Council 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Suffolk County JAG 2014 $173,114
Town of Tonawanda 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Town of Tonawanda Police Department Mental Health Officer Training $10,141
Village of Freeport 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Quality of Life Improvement Program $17,219
Village of Spring Valley 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Safe Streets and Youth Initiative Project $14,677

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Exponents, Inc. 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Second Chance Project $999,999
New York City Department of Correction 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Working I.T. Out $750,000
New York County District Attorney’s Office 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 Data-Driven Multidisciplinary Approach $365,016
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 John R. Justice Loan Forgiveness Program $42,673
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 New York State Department of Correction and Community Supervision: FY 2014 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment in State Facilities $310,372
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Reallocation Funds $212,923
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 08/01/2012 – 07/31/2015 Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) $425,846
New York State Unified Court System 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 BJA/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Adult Drug Court Services, Coordination, and Treatment Program $298,208
New York State Unified Court System 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Joint Adult Drug Court Enhance Services, Coordination, and Treatment Project $286,450
Oneida Indian Nation 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Oneida Indian Nation Drug Enforcement Enhancement Project $766,248
Rochester Institute of Technology 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Western District of New York Project Safe Neighborhoods Initiative $299,998

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 361

Sworn Officers: 58,528

City     County     Tribal     State*     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 80% of the 361 law enforcement agencies in New York have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 88% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.
Note: Detail may sum to less than 100% due to rounding.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 18 officers were feloniously killed (1 in 2013) and 27 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 962 officers were assaulted (1.93% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for New York:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 79,610 77,372 -2.8
Murder and Manslaughter 684 648 -5.3
Forcible Rape 2,848 5,930 N/A
Robbery 28,655 27,241 -4.9
Aggravated Assault 47,423 46,130 -2.7
Property Crime 376,140 358,598 -4.7
Burglary 64,553 56,442 -12.6
Larceny-Theft 294,239 286,674 -2.6
Motor Vehicle Theft 17,348 15,482 -10.8

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (300,442) decreased 11.23% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests decreased 9.89% (12,902), and property-related arrests decreased 5.00% (59,628).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Court of Appeals
Intermediate Appellate:    Appellate Divisions of the Supreme Court; Appellate Terms of the Supreme Court
General Jurisdiction:    Supreme Court; County Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    Family Court; District Court; City Court; Criminal Court of the City of New York; Town and Village Justice Court


Prisoner Admissions: 22,740
Prisoner Releases: 23,382
Total Prisoners: 53,550

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 54
Recidivism Rate*: 40.9%
Top Offenses: Murder, robbery 1st degree, burglary 2nd degree (FY 2014)

Source: New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
*Inmates released from facilities of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision who are returned to department custody.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN), a RISS Center, serves New York. There are 231 New York criminal justice agencies that are members of MAGLOCLEN.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of New York


In New York, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Technical assistance and an ongoing evaluation of the state-funded Gun Involved Violence Elimination (GIVE) initiative. The GIVE initiative builds on the information sharing and partnerships developed under Operation IMPACT while expanding the use of crime analysis, evidence-based practices, and community partnerships to assist in reducing firearm-related homicides and non-fatal shootings. Crime-fighting strategies developed under GIVE vary by jurisdiction and include strategies such as patrols in hot spots prone to gun violence, focused deterrence against violent gangs and groups considered responsible for the most gun violence in communities, increased supervision of individuals on parole and probation, and deployment of street outreach workers to interrupt cycles of violence and prevent retaliation.

  • A grant to the New York City Office of the Special Narcotics Prosecutor and enhanced prosecution projects within the district attorneys’ offices of the 5 counties: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond counties. Funds are used to enhance the investigation and prosecution of drug and firearms trafficking, gangs, and drug/gang-related violent crimes throughout New York City. The focus is on multiagency cooperation to target large-scale drug and gun trafficking organizations and the violent crime associated with them.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on New York’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Division of Criminal Justice Services Michael C. Green, Executive Deputy Commissioner

New York At-A-Glance

Total Population: 19,651,127
Population Under 18: 4,239,976
Population Over 65: 2,832,481

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
New York State Police Joseph D'Amico, Superintendent

Local Governments: 3,453
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 8
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Offices: Robert L. Capers—Eastern District of New York, Brooklyn Richard S. Hartunian—Northern District of New York, Albany Preet Bharara—Southern District of New York, New York William J. Hochul, Jr.—Western District of New York, Buffalo Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services: Office of Counter Terrorism John P. Melville, Commissioner

Drug Courts: 168
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center