State Criminal Justice Profile

Pennsylvania

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $12 million* in state and local funds to Pennsylvania.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $7,378,500
Justice Assistance Grant Program—19 Local Awards $3,011,851
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $2,604,870

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Pennsylvania 2014 State JAG Program $7,378,500

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Allegheny County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 County of Allegheny, McKeesport City, Penn Hills Township, City of Pittsburgh, Swissvale Borough, Wilkinsburg Borough $336,380
Cambria County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Cambria County Criminal Justice Improvement 2014 $12,989
City of Allentown 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Allentown Police In-Car Camera System Project $68,202
City of Altoona 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Safer Streets Using Hot-Spot Policing $15,876
City of Bethlehem 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Program $34,437
City of Erie 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Erie Police Technology Improvements for Anti-Crime Initiative $46,285
City of Lancaster 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Lancaster Police Department 2014 JAG Program $49,675
City of New Castle 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of New Castle FY 2014 JAG Vehicle Upgrade Project $29,369
City of Philadelphia 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Philadelphia—Police JAG $1,834,486
City of Reading 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City of Reading 2014 JAG Law Enforcement Project $91,999
City of Scranton 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Police Vehicles $23,898
City of Wilkes-Barre 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 FY 2014 JAG Tactical and Non-Tactical Training Project $30,275
City of York 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Technological Improvements and Community Policing for the York City Police Department Project $69,042
Dauphin County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Dauphin County 2014 Federal JAG Application $99,351
Delaware County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Delaware County Law Enforcement Enhancement Project $181,112
Lycoming County Office of the District Attorney 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Safety and Security Equipment and Supplies Project $10,506
Monroe County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Mobile Computer Purchase for Stroud Area Regional Police Department Police Vehicles $10,304
Municipality of Norristown 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 JAG Program $55,414
Township of Bristol 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Online Electronic Citizen Police Reporting $12,251

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Bucks County 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 Bucks County Drug Court Enhancement Grant (JOINT) $278,156
City of Philadelphia 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Philadelphia Returning Citizens Demonstration Program $746,298
City of Philadelphia 10/01/2011 – 12/31/2015 FY 2014 Smart Policing Initiative $321,211
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Pennsylvania 2014 John R. Justice Loan Repayment Assistance Program $38,238
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Achieving Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Compliance in Pennsylvania $184,257
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Pennsylvania Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) 2014 $294,676
Pennsylvania Department of Corrections 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Addressing Institutional and Staff Cultures on Cross-Gender Supervision and PREA in Pennsylvania $272,034
The Citizens Crime Commission of the Delaware Valley 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Eastern District of Pennsylvania FY 2014 Project Safe Neighborhoods Initiative $470,000

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 1,030

Sworn Officers: 25,278

City     County     Tribal     State*     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 95% of the 1030 law enforcement agencies in Pennsylvania have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 56% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.
Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% due to rounding.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 25 officers were feloniously killed (0 in 2013) and 16 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 2,174 officers were assaulted (4.36% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for Pennsylvania*:

Crime 2012 2013
Violent Crime 44,503 42,849
Murder and Manslaughter 685 594
Forcible Rape** 3,327 6,412
Robbery 15,673 14,762
Aggravated Assault 24,818 23,719
Property Crime 276,496 263,240
Burglary 56,859 52,034
Larceny-Theft 204,609 197,436
Motor Vehicle Theft 15,028 13,770
*Because of changes in the state/local agency’s reporting practices, figures are not comparable to previous years’ data.
**This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (413,486) decreased 4.70% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests decreased 5.55% (22,113), and property-related arrests decreased 2.58% (61,049).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court
Intermediate Appellate:    Superior Court; Commonwealth Court
General Jurisdiction:    Court of Common Pleas
Limited Jurisdiction:    Philadelphia Municipal Court; Magisterial District Judge; Philadelphia Traffic Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 20,455
Prisoner Releases: 19,632
Total Prisoners: 50,312

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 27
Recidivism Rate*: 62.0%
Top Offenses: Narcotic drug offenses, robbery, theft/larceny (FY 2013)

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Corrections
*Overall recidivism is measured as the first rearrest or reincarceration after inmates are released from state prison.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN), a RISS Center, serves Pennsylvania. There are 416 Pennsylvania criminal justice agencies that are members of MAGLOCLEN.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of Pennsylvania

Highlights

In Pennsylvania, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Pennsylvania Mental Health and Justice Center of Excellence (CoE), a collaborate effort between Drexel University and Western Penn Psychiatric Institute in Pittsburgh. Collectively, these 3 partners work to develop and improve programs that serve adults with mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system. They also promote evidence-based and promising practices by providing technical assistance for start-up, operation, and sustainability of jail diversion and reentry programs.

  • CoE clearinghouse. CoE is also a clearinghouse for information and resources related to criminal justice, mental health, and substance abuse. In addition, CoE is a resource for counties that are implementing specialized behavioral health training for law enforcement and justice practitioners that includes the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT), CIT for Veterans, and Mental Health First Aid. CoE also coordinates the annual Statewide CIT Meeting, where administrators from CIT sites around the state share their best practices.

  • Automated Fingerprint Identification System Integra-ID Archive System upgrade. The upgrade provides a secure, centralized data storage and retrieval system for the Pennsylvania State Police.

  • Mobile ID Gateway System. Byrne JAG funds continue to support the development and deployment of this system, which will provide a quick response to a police officer’s identification requests.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on Pennsylvania’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency Linda Rosenberg, Executive Director
http://www.pccd.state.pa.us/

Pennsylvania At-A-Glance

Total Population: 12,773,801
Population Under 18: 2,715,645
Population Over 65: 2,091,330

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
Pennsylvania State Police Colonel Marcus Brown, Acting Commissioner

Local Governments: 4,897
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 0
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Offices: Zane D. Memeger—Eastern District of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Peter J. Smith—Middle District of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg David J. Hickton—Western District of Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Governor’s Office of Homeland Security Colonel Marcus Brown, Director and Homeland Security Advisor http://www.psp.state.pa.us

Drug Courts: 79
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center