State Criminal Justice Profile

South Dakota

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $700 thousand* in state and local funds to South Dakota.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $542,154
Justice Assistance Grant Program—4 Local Awards $182,969
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $46,144

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Office of the Governor 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 South Dakota FY 2014 Edward Byrne Memorial JAG Program $542,154

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
City of Rapid City 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 JAG Program $56,946
City of Sioux Falls 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 City and County JAG Program $70,599
Oglala Sioux Tribe Department of Public Safety 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Canine Unit Support and Training $14,062
Rosebud Sioux Tribe 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Rosebud Sioux Tribe Juvenile Diversion $41,362

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
Office of the Attorney General 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 South Dakota FY 2014 John R. Justice Program $30,545
Office of the Governor 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Reallocation Funds $15,599

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 131

Sworn Officers: 1,529

City     County     Tribal     State     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 96% of the 131 law enforcement agencies in South Dakota have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 34% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 3 officers were feloniously killed (0 in 2013) and 1 officer was accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 104 officers were assaulted (0.21% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for South Dakota:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 2,682 2,674 -0.3
Murder and Manslaughter 25 20 -20.0
Forcible Rape* 585 848 N/A
Robbery 158 159 0.6
Aggravated Assault 1,914 1,996 4.3
Property Crime 17,168 16,177 -5.8
Burglary 3,258 3,372 3.5
Larceny-Theft 12,845 11,867 -7.6
Motor Vehicle Theft 1,065 938 -11.9
*This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (35,061) decreased 0.86% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests increased 1.43% (780), and property-related arrests decreased 14.59% (3,301).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court
General Jurisdiction:    Circuit Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    Magistrate Court


Prisoner Admissions: 1,842
Prisoner Releases: 1,820
Total Prisoners: 3,651

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 3 prisons, 1 annex, 3 minimum security
Recidivism Rate*: 43.8%
Top Offenses: Possession of controlled substance, aggravated assault, rape (FY 2015)

Source: South Dakota Department of Corrections
*According to the Association of State Correctional Administrators, offenders are tracked 12, 24, and 36 months post-release. Those who return to prison with a new conviction or a technical parole violation within the tracking period are counted as recidivists.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Mid-States Organized Crime Information Center (MOCIC), a RISS Center, serves South Dakota. There are 120 South Dakota criminal justice agencies that are members of MOCIC.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of South Dakota


In South Dakota, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Sex offender identification, management, treatment, and community supervision through the South Dakota Department of Corrections. This initiative aims to ensure that offenders are following all state statutes as they relate to sex offender registration and notification.

  • Prosecution team within the Attorney General’s Office to work on drug and violent crime cases. This team also works with other state and local law enforcement agencies on related cases.

  • Statewide drug and violent crime task force operated from the state Division of Criminal Investigation. The task force leverages statewide resources to focus on heroin and methamphetamine, as well as homicide and violent crime cases that smaller and more rural jurisdictions are not equipped to investigate.

  • Efforts within the Department of Corrections (DOC) to comply with the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards and statewide coordinator positions to work with both adult and juvenile facilities. JAG funds are blended with DOC resources to support these efforts.

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on South Dakota’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

South Dakota Department of Public Safety Trevor Jones, Secretary

South Dakota At-A-Glance

Total Population: 844,877
Population Under 18: 207,959
Population Over 65: 126,163

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
South Dakota Division of Criminal Investigation Bryan Gortmaker, Director

Local Governments: 1,983
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 8
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Office: Randy Seiler—District of South Dakota, Sioux Falls Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: South Dakota Office of Homeland Security Stefan Pluta, Director

Drug Courts: 17
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center