State Criminal Justice Profile

West Virginia

BJA Investments

In Fiscal Year 2014, BJA provided more than $3 million* in state and local funds to West Virginia.

Justice Assistance Grant Program—State Formula $1,316,090
Justice Assistance Grant Program—15 Local Awards $527,297
Other Direct Discretionary Funds $1,657,721

Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
*This amount does not include funding for national training and technical assistance programs that benefit all states and territories.

PDF IconInvestment Details

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—State Formula

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 2014 West Virginia JAG Program $1,316,090

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program—Local Awards

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
City of Beckley 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Beckley City and Raleigh County FY 2014 JAG Project $58,032
City of Charleston 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Charleston City and Kanawha County FY 2014 JAG Project $136,264
City of Clarksburg 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Clarksburg City and Harrison County FY 2014 JAG Project $16,677
City of Huntington 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Huntington City and Cabell County FY 2014 JAG Project $48,743
City of Martinsburg 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Martinsburg City FY 2014 JAG Project $15,864
City of Morgantown 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Morgantown City FY 2014 JAG Project $21,016
City of Parkersburg 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Parkersburg City and Wood County FY 2014 JAG Project $62,370
City of Princeton 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Special Weapons and Tactical (SWAT) Program $12,067
City of South Charleston 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 FY 2014 JAG Mobile Data Terminals (MDT) Enhancement Project $15,321
City of Wheeling 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Wheeling City and Ohio County FY 2014 JAG Project $48,743
Fayette County Commission 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 2014 Service Enhancement Project $12,949
Hampshire County Sheriff’s Department 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Hampshire County Law Enforcement Electronic Data Assistance $14,237
Mercer County Commission 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Mercer County Home Confinement Program $11,796
Monongalia County 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2015 Monongalia County FY 2014 JAG Project $21,287
Nicholas County Commission 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 Nicholas County FY 2014 JAG Project $31,931

Other Direct Discretionary Funds

Grantee Name GMS Project Period Project Title GMS Award Amount
City of Huntington/ Huntington Police Department 10/01/2014 – 03/31/2016 City of Huntington FY 2014 Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program: Planning $100,000
Kanawha Institute for Social Research & Action, Inc. (KISRA) 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2017 KISRA Second Chance Reentry Mentoring $999,998
West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 West Virginia FY 2014 John R. Justice Program $31,196
West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2017 West Virginia FY 2014 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT) Program $70,523
West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2015 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Compliance Project $45,482
West Virginia Regional Jail and Correctional Facility Authority (WVRJCFA) 10/01/2014 – 09/30/2016 Implementation of PREA Requirements in WVRJCFA Facilities $410,522

Law Enforcement Agencies and Officers

Law Enforcement Agencies: 351

Sworn Officers: 3,534

City     County     Tribal     State     Other

Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report (2013)

  • More than 80% of the 351 law enforcement agencies in West Virginia have 50 or fewer sworn officers.
  • Nearly 30% of sworn officers work for agencies with 100 or more officers.

Officer Fatalities and Assaults

Between 2004 and 2013, 6 officers were feloniously killed (1 in 2013) and 2 officers were accidentally killed in the line of duty. In 2013, 538 officers were assaulted (1.08% of all officers assaulted in the United States).

Crime Trends

According to the FBI Annual Report, nationwide violent crime in 2013 decreased more than 4% from the 2012 estimates. Below are the current crime trends for West Virginia:

Crime 2012 2013 %
Violent Crime 5,869 5,568 -5.1
Murder and Manslaughter 72 61 -15.3
Forcible Rape* 421 1,109 N/A
Robbery 838 651 -22.3
Aggravated Assault 4,538 4,203 -7.4
Property Crime 43,878 39,013 -11.1
Burglary 11,291 9,674 -14.3
Larceny-Theft 30,378 27,423 -9.7
Motor Vehicle Theft 2,209 1,916 -13.3
*This state’s agencies submitted rape data according to the revised UCR definition of rape.

Arrest Data

In 2013, total arrests (49,225) increased 6.17% from 2012. Violent-crime arrests increased 4.80% (1,834), and property-related arrests increased 6.73% (6,900).
Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports

Court Structure

Court of Last Resort:    Supreme Court of Appeals
General Jurisdiction:    Circuit Court
Limited Jurisdiction:    Magistrate Court; Municipal Court; Family Court

Corrections

Prisoner Admissions: 3,573
Prisoner Releases: 3,780
Total Prisoners: 6,824

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013)

Major Correctional Facilities: 15
Recidivism Rate*: 26.7%
Top Offenses: Forcible sex offenses, homicide, burglary/breaking and entering, (FY 2014)

Source: West Virginia Division of Corrections
*A recidivist is an offender released during calendar year 2011 and returned to the custody of the West Virginia Division of Corrections within 3 years.

Regional Informations Sharing Systems® (RISS)

The Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC), a RISS Center, serves West Virginia. There are 51 West Virginia criminal justice agencies that are members of ROCIC.
Source: Regional Information Sharing Systems

Seal of West Virginia

Highlights

In West Virginia, Byrne JAG state funding has assisted with numerous innovative initiatives and supports:

  • Multijurisdictional drug and violent crime task forces across the state. Between the years 2013 and 2014, JAG has supported 10 multijurisdictional drug and violent crime task forces that monitor 20 counties across the state. The 2015 JAG funds have been committed to 10 task forces monitoring 18 counties. Funding supports salaries for officers needed to backfill positions in order to assign elected officers to drug task forces. Drug task forces are specified groups of officers trained to investigate and legally follow through for convictions on cases dealing with drugs, violent crime, and gangs. Task forces report monthly with high numbers of dismantled or interrupted gangs, drug seizures, and the number of cases being pursued at that time.

  • Half of the 34 counties in the state with prevention resource officers (PRO) in schools. The PRO program is a cooperative effort between schools and law enforcement that focuses on prevention, mentoring, and safety components. PROs are certified West Virginia police officers who are also certified PROs. JAG funds support officers in 31 local middle and high schools throughout 21 counties.

  • Integration of a dedicated violent crime prosecutor to help drug and violent crime task forces improve enforcement efforts (FY 2015).

Source: National Criminal Justice Association

PDF IconDetails on West Virginia’s priorities and planning process

State Administering Agency (SAA)

West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services W. Richard Staton, Director
http://www.djcs.wv.gov/

West Virginia At-A-Glance

Total Population: 1,854,304
Population Under 18: 381,678
Population Over 65: 320,041

Source: U.S. Census (2013 est.)

State Investigative Agency:
West Virginia State Police Colonel Jay Smithers, Superintendent

Local Governments: 659
Source: U.S. Census (2012)

Federally Recognized Tribes: 0
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Attorneys’ Offices: William J. Ihlenfeld II—Northern District of West Virginia, Wheeling Carol A. Casto—Southern District of West Virginia, Charleston Source: U.S. Department of Justice

Homeland Security Agency: Department of Military Affairs and Public Safety, Homeland Security State Administrative Agency David Hoge, Director http://www.dmaps.wv.gov/pages/default.aspx

Drug Courts: 41
Source: National Drug Court Resource Center